cabbage scientific name and family

The Cabbage family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. These are small- to medium-sized butterflies found flying in numbers especially during the late spring and the summer months. [71], Cabbage consumption varies widely around the world: Russia has the highest annual per capita consumption at 20 kg (44 lb), followed by Belgium at 4.7 kg (10 lb 6 oz) and the Netherlands at 4.0 kg (8 lb 13 oz). Cabbage was most likely domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC, although savoys were not developed until the 16th century AD. [77] Cooked cabbage is often criticized for its pungent, unpleasant odor and taste. Different varieties prefer different soil types, ranging from lighter sand to heavier clay, but all prefer fertile ground with a pH between 6.0 and 6.8. In North America, diamondback moth is now recorded everywhere that cabbage is grown. Leaf types are generally divided between crinkled-leaf, loose-head savoys and smooth-leaf firm-head cabbages, while the color spectrum includes white and a range of greens and purples. [10] The late Middle English word cabbage derives from the word caboche ("head"), from the Picard dialect of Old French. Turini TA, Daugovish O, Koike ST, Natwick ET, Ploeg A, Dara SK, Fennimore SA, Joseph S, LeStrange M, Smith R, Subbarao KV, Westerdahl BB. [53] Excessive water and excessive heat can also cause cultivation problems. [54], In 2018, world production of cabbages (combined with other brassicas) was 69.4 million tonnes, led by China with 48% of the world total (table). Wild B. oleracea is a tall biennial plant that forms a stout rosette of large leaves in the first year. The leaves are fleshier and thicker than other Brassica species—an adaptation that helps it store water and nutrients in its difficult growing environment. [40], The characteristic flavor of cabbage is caused by glucosinolates, a class of sulfur-containing glucosides. The simplest options include eating the vegetable raw or steaming it, though many cuisines pickle, stew, sautée or braise cabbage. It is an edible plant of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae). [2], Many shapes, colors and leaf textures are found in various cultivated varieties of cabbage. For other uses, see, Leafy vegetable in the flowering plant family Brassicaceae, A whole white cabbage and a cross section. [86] This traditional usage persisted in European literature until the mid-20th century.[87]. CABBAGE SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Family : Brassicaceae/ Cruciferae Scientific … English: Potato Vine, Swamp Cabbage; Tagalog: Kangkong. Other major producers were India, South Korea, and Russia. Cabbage weights generally range from 500 to 1,000 grams (1 to 2 lb). Leave a reply. The cabbage is a native of Mediterranean region. The cooling properties of the leaves were used in Britain as a treatment for trench foot in World War I, and as compresses for ulcers and breast abscesses. [12], Cabbage seedlings have a thin taproot and cordate (heart-shaped) cotyledons. [53] There are several physiological disorders that can affect the postharvest appearance of cabbage. [74] In Poland, cabbage is one of the main food crops, and it features prominently in Polish cuisine. This was about 40% of all the recorded Cabbage's in the USA. By the 18th century, it was commonly planted by both colonists and native American Indians. Family: Brassicaceae. as its synonym. English: Cabbage Tagalog: Repolyo. capitata. It is rich in essential nutrients including vitamin C. It has been bred into a wide range of cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, collards, and kale, some of which are hardly recognizable as being members of the same genus, let alone species. Family Name: Sterculiaceae. [24] A possible wild ancestor of cabbage, Brassica oleracea, originally found in Britain and continental Europe, is tolerant of salt but not encroachment by other plants and consequently inhabits rocky cliffs in cool damp coastal habitats,[25] retaining water and nutrients in its slightly thickened, turgid leaves. [9], A diet rich in cruciferous vegetables (e.g., cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower) is linked to a reduced risk of several human cancers. [37] Apicius gives several recipes for cauliculi, tender cabbage shoots. [32] The ancient Greeks had some varieties of cabbage, as mentioned by Theophrastus, although whether they were more closely related to today's cabbage or to one of the other Brassica crops is unknown. In certain climates, cabbage can be planted at the beginning of the cold period and survive until a later warm period without being induced to flower, a practice that was common in the eastern US. Commonly known as the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world. September 2012. It looks a bit like a cross between romaine lettuce and pale Swiss chard. Cabbage in Spanish can be different from Cabbage in English. Symptoms & Life Cycle. PAV and AVI haplotypes are the most common, though other haplotypes exist that confer intermediate bitter taste sensitivity (AAI, AAV, AVV, and PVI). [14] Most cabbages have thick, alternating leaves, with margins that range from wavy or lobed to highly dissected; some varieties have a waxy bloom on the leaves. Brassica oleracea (Capitata Group), commonly known as cabbage, and Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), commonly known as kale, are cool weather vegetables that are grown for harvest of their edible leaves. rapa (turnip); turnip, in hand, at a farmers market. [88], Cabbage has been linked to outbreaks of some food-borne illnesses, including Listeria monocytogenes[89] and Clostridium botulinum. Its specific epithet oleracea means "vegetable/herbal" in Latin and is a form of holeraceus (oleraceus).[4][5]. Vacuum cooling rapidly refrigerates the vegetable, allowing for earlier shipping and a fresher product. Cabbages are usually green, but they can als Napa cabbage, also called celery cabbage (B. rapa, variety pekinensis), forms a tight head of crinkled light green leaves. When stored under less ideal conditions, cabbage can still last up to four months. The Ancient Greeks recommended consuming the vegetable as a laxative,[47] and used cabbage juice as an antidote for mushroom poisoning,[83] for eye salves, and for liniments for bruises. [38] The more traditionalist Cato the Elder, espousing a simple Republican life, ate his cabbage cooked or raw and dressed with vinegar; he said it surpassed all other vegetables, and approvingly distinguished three varieties; he also gave directions for its medicinal use, which extended to the cabbage-eater's urine, in which infants might be rinsed. [24] Savoy cabbages are usually used in salads, while smooth-leaf types are utilized for both market sales and processing. [11] Through the centuries, "cabbage" and its derivatives have been used as slang for numerous items, occupations and activities. [21][22], "Genotyping-by-sequencing of Brassica oleracea vegetables reveals unique phylogenetic patterns, population structure and domestication footprints", "Cruciferous vegetables and human cancer risk: epidemiologic evidence and mechanistic basis", "The extraordinary diversity of Brassica oleracea", "Vegetables - University of Saskatchewan", "Origin and Domestication of Cole Crops (Brassica oleracea L.): Linguistic and Literary Considerations1", "From landrace to modern hybrid broccoli: the genomic and morphological domestication syndrome within a diverse B. oleracea collection", "TAS2R38 predisposition to bitter taste associated with differential changes in vegetable intake in response to a community-based dietary intervention", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "Genetic, Functional, and Phenotypic Diversity in TAS2R38-Mediated Bitter Taste Perception", "Rare haplotypes of the gene TAS2R38 confer bitter taste sensitivity in humans", "The Molecular Basis of Individual Differences in Phenylthiocarbamide and Propylthiouracil Bitterness Perception", "TAS2R38 Predisposition to Bitter Taste Associated with Differential Changes in Vegetable Intake in Response to a Community-Based Dietary Intervention", "Vegetable Intake in College-Aged Adults Is Explained by Oral Sensory Phenotypes and TAS2R38 Genotype", "Variability in Human Bitter Taste Sensitivity to Chemically Diverse Compounds Can Be Accounted for by Differential TAS2R Activation", "Sensitivity of genome-wide-association signals to phenotyping strategy: the PROP-TAS2R38 taste association as a benchmark",, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They are harvested by cutting the stalk just below the bottom leaves with a blade. By contrast, ornamental cabbages and kales are grown primarily as foliage plants for their intensely colored leaves rather than as vegetables. These include the heaviest cabbage, at 57.61 kilograms (127.0 lb),[19] heaviest red cabbage, at 19.05 kilograms (42.0 lb),[20] longest cabbage roll, at 15.37 m (50 ft 5 in),[21] and the largest cabbage dish, at 925.4 kilograms (2,040 lb). The PAV haplotype is dominant; therefore, individuals with at least one copy of the PAV allele perceive molecules in vegetables that resemble PROP as tasting bitter, and consequently may develop an aversion to bitter vegetables. World production of cabbage and other brassicas for 2018 was 69 million tonnes, with China accounting for 48% of the total. A biennial herb. [37] The Pompeii cabbage was also mentioned by Columella in De Re Rustica. Cabbage is a good source of vitamin K, vitamin C and dietary fiber. The scientific name of Cabbage is the botanical name or formal name. Cabbage forms heads and kale forms upright leaves. When people think of chocolate, they usually think of the sweet shop and high calorie chocolate bars. Introduction. Genetic analysis of nine wild populations on the French Atlantic coast indicated their common feral origin, deriving from plants escaped from fields and gardens.[3]. It is frequently eaten, either cooked or as sauerkraut, as a side dish or as an ingredient in such dishes as bigos (cabbage, sauerkraut, meat, and wild mushrooms, among other ingredients) gołąbki (stuffed cabbage) and pierogi (filled dumplings). sabauda). The Greeks were convinced that cabbages and grapevines were inimical, and that cabbage planted too near the vine would impart its unwelcome odor to the grapes; this Mediterranean sense of antipathy survives today.[36]. It is descended from the wild cabbage (B. oleracea var. . Plants perform best when grown in well-drained soil in a location that receives full sun. [9] The word brassica derives from bresic, a Celtic word for cabbage. Coleslaw and sauerkraut are popular foods that use cabbage. Those used for processing, especially sauerkraut, are larger and have a lower percentage of water. Cabbage is a popular vegetable that is a relative to mustard greens and also to the turnip family. The seeds, like any other cabbage, can be used for sprouting. Distribution. Other medicinal uses recorded in European folk medicine include treatments for rheumatism, sore throat, hoarseness, colic, and melancholy. A hardy plant in its uncultivated form, its high tolerance for salt and lime, and its intolerance of competition from other plants, typically restrict its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs, like the chalk cliffs on both sides of the English Channel,[2] and the windswept coast on the western side of the Isle of Wight. Rhizoctonia solani causes the post-emergence disease wirestem, resulting in killed seedlings ("damping-off"), root rot or stunted growth and smaller heads. Origin. Rupr.’ was suitable as the scientific name for Chinese cabbage, and we classified B. rapa var. [citation needed], The TAS2R38 gene encodes a G protein-coupled receptor that functions as a taste receptor, mediated by ligands such as PROP and phenylthiocarbamide that bind to the receptor and initiate signaling that confers various degrees of taste perception. 7 Replies. Bok-choy characteristically has a dynamic growth pattern. Researchers believe it has been cultivated for several thousand years, but its history as a domesticated plant is not clear before Greek and Roman times, when it was a well-established garden vegetable. [22], Although cabbage has an extensive history,[23] it is difficult to trace its exact origins owing to the many varieties of leafy greens classified as "brassicas". [85] Ancient Egyptians ate cooked cabbage at the beginning of meals to reduce the intoxicating effects of wine. A smooth, widely spreading vine, with the stems trailing on mud or floating on water. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea Capitata Group) is an edible plant.It is a lot like broccoli, cauliflower or Brussels sprouts.Cabbage is eaten in many ways around the world. [5] A related species, Brassica rapa, is commonly named Chinese, napa or celery cabbage, and has many of the same uses. scientific name of cabbage is Brassica oleracea var. At the end of Antiquity cabbage is mentioned in De observatione ciborum ("On the Observance of Foods") of Anthimus, a Greek doctor at the court of Theodoric the Great, and cabbage appears among vegetables directed to be cultivated in the Capitulare de villis, composed c. 771-800 that guided the governance of the royal estates of Charlemagne. Common Name. The preference for the eating of the leaves led to the selection of plants with larger leaves being harvested and their seeds planted for the next growth. [66], Planting near other members of the cabbage family, or where these plants have been placed in previous years, can prompt the spread of pests and disease. Necrotic spot is where there are oval sunken spots a few millimeters across that are often grouped around the midrib. Oblate, round and pointed shapes are found. [92], This article is about the vegetable. The cultivars of B. oleracea are grouped by developmental form into seven major cultivar groups, of which the Acephala ("non-heading") group remains most like the natural wild cabbage in appearance: In places such as the Channel Islands and Canary Islands, where the frost is minimal and plants are thus freed from seasonality, some cultivars, known as Jersey cabbages, can grow up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) tall. Family: Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family Genus: Brassica L. – mustard Species: Brassica oleracea L. – cabbage Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Brassica oleracea is native to coastal southern and western Europe. These include cabbage bark or cabbage tree (a member of the genus Andira) and cabbage palms, which include several genera of palms such as Mauritia, Roystonea oleracea, Acrocomia and Euterpe oenocarpus. This original species evolved over thousands of years into those seen today, as selection resulted in cultivars having different characteristics, such as large heads for cabbage, large leaves for kale and thick stems with flower buds for broccoli. In commercial-scale operations, hand-harvested cabbages are trimmed, sorted, and packed directly in the field to increase efficiency. Print with name - Print without name. The transition from a juvenile to adult state happens when the stem diameter is about 6 mm (1⁄4 in). Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Alternaria japonica (pod spot of radish); Athalia rosae (cabbage leaf sawfly); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Brevicoryne brassicae (cabbage aphid); Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Contarinia nasturtii (swede midge); … [55], Plants are generally started in protected locations early in the growing season before being transplanted outside, although some are seeded directly into the ground from which they will be harvested. [6] It is also a part of common names for several unrelated species. The Chinese cabbage was found in the deltaic region of the Yangtze River until the pharmacologist of the Ming Dynasty Li Shizhen decided to study the medicinal properties of the vegetable. Members of the Brassicaceae Family (Thumbnails): Barbarea verna. Napa cabbage is sometimes called Chinese cabbage or celery cabbage. As of 2012[update], the heaviest cabbage was 62.71 kilograms (138.25 lb). Cabbage can be stored the longest at −1 to 2 °C (30 to 36 °F) with a humidity of 90–100 percent; these conditions will result in up to six months of longevity. Members of the cabbage (brassica) family, e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, radish. Napa cabbage doesn't look like head cabbages; it has long, light green leaves that flower off of thick, white stalks. Excessive consumption of cabbage may lead to increased intestinal gas which causes bloating and flatulence due to the trisaccharide raffinose, which the human small intestine cannot digest, but is digested by bacteria in the large intestine. Hellula undalis. – mustard P [66] The cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni) is infamous in North America for its voracious appetite and for producing frass that contaminates plants. [84] The ancient Roman, Pliny the Elder, described both culinary and medicinal properties of the vegetable. Manuscript illuminations show the prominence of cabbage in the cuisine of the High Middle Ages,[24] and cabbage seeds feature among the seed list of purchases for the use of King John II of France when captive in England in 1360,[45] but cabbages were also a familiar staple of the poor: in the lean year of 1420 the "Bourgeois of Paris" noted that "poor people ate no bread, nothing but cabbages and turnips and such dishes, without any bread or salt". oleracea), and belongs to the "cole crops" or brassicas, meaning it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower (var. [15] Both hand and mechanical harvesting are used, with hand-harvesting generally used for cabbages destined for market sales. [53] For optimal growth, there must be adequate levels of nitrogen in the soil, especially during the early head formation stage, and sufficient phosphorus and potassium during the early stages of expansion of the outer leaves. [54] Temperatures between 4 and 24 °C (39 and 75 °F) prompt the best growth, and extended periods of higher or lower temperatures may result in premature bolting (flowering). These receptors influence release of hormones involved in appetite regulation, such as peptide YY and glucagon-like peptide-1, and therefore may influence caloric intake and the development of obesity. In a 100 gram reference amount, raw cabbage is a rich source of vitamin C and vitamin K, containing 44% and 72%, respectively, of the Daily Value (DV). Outbreaks Associated with Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce. [49] Carl Peter Thunberg reported that cabbage was not yet known in Japan in 1775. There are several cultivar groups of cabbage, each including many cultivars: Some sources only delineate three cultivars: savoy, red and white, with spring greens and green cabbage being subsumed under the last. [56] Growers normally place plants 30 to 61 cm (12 to 24 in) apart. [79] Cabbage is also a moderate source (10–19% DV) of vitamin B6 and folate, with no other nutrients having significant content per 100-gram serving (table). [82], In addition to its usual purpose as an edible vegetable, cabbage has been used historically in herbalism. cabbage palm scientific name. By selecting for fatter stems, the variant plant known as, European preference emerged for eating immature buds, selection for, Further selection in Belgium in lateral bud led to, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 21:30. [48] In India, cabbage was one of several vegetable crops introduced by colonizing traders from Portugal, who established trade routes from the 14th to 17th centuries. sabauda). acephala)[3] is a member of the genus Brassica and the mustard family, Brassicaceae. [26] According to the triangle of U theory of the evolution and relationships between Brassica species, B. oleracea and other closely related kale vegetables (cabbages, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower) represent one of three ancestral lines from which all other brassicas originated. [64], Pests include root-knot nematodes and cabbage maggots, which produce stunted and wilted plants with yellow leaves; aphids, which induce stunted plants with curled and yellow leaves; harlequin cabbage bugs, which cause white and yellow leaves; thrips, which lead to leaves with white-bronze spots; striped flea beetles, which riddle leaves with small holes; and caterpillars, which leave behind large, ragged holes in leaves. Around the fifth century BC, the formation of what is now known as kale had developed. [28] The headed cabbage variety was known to the Greeks as krambe and to the Romans as brassica or olus;[33] the open, leafy variety (kale) was known in Greek as raphanos and in Latin as caulis. [15] Bean curd and cabbage is a staple of Chinese cooking,[73] while the British dish bubble and squeak is made primarily with leftover potato and boiled cabbage and eaten with cold meat. [15], Cabbage has been selectively bred for head weight and morphological characteristics, frost hardiness, fast growth and storage ability. View CABBAGE.pdf from BIOLOGY BIO270 at Universiti Teknologi Mara. In contrast, individuals with two AVI haplotypes are bitter non-tasters. [24] Pickling is one of the most popular ways of preserving cabbage, creating dishes such as sauerkraut and kimchi,[14] although kimchi is more often made from Chinese cabbage (B. ... Members of the brassica family, i.e., cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage and radish, but also amaranth and eggplant. Family Brassicaceae – Mustard family: Genus Brassica L. – mustard P : Contains 19 Species and 8 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Brassica alboglabra L.H. [27], Cabbage was probably domesticated later in history than Near Eastern crops such as lentils and summer wheat. [51] Sauerkraut was used by Dutch, Scandinavian and German sailors to prevent scurvy during long ship voyages. [62], Due to its high level of nutrient requirements, cabbage is prone to nutrient deficiencies, including boron, calcium, phosphorus and potassium. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea or B. oleracea var. [17] Scientific research into the genetic modification of B. oleracea crops, including cabbage, has included European Union and United States explorations of greater insect and herbicide resistance. Thus, bitter taste perception may affect dietary behaviors by influencing both taste preferences and metabolic hormonal regulation. It was first observed in North America in 1854, in Illinois, but had spread to Florida and the Rocky Mountains by 1883, and was reported from British Columbia by 1905. capitata. [32] By early Roman times, Egyptian artisans and children were eating cabbage and turnips among a wide variety of other vegetables and pulses. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Repollo rojo. oleracea, also called colewort or field cabbage. It was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans; Cato and Elder praised this vegetable for its medicinal properties. KangKong – Scientific name: Ipomea aquatica Torsk. [90] Two outbreaks of E. coli in the United States have been linked to cabbage consumption. Revised continuously. The family contains well-known species, such as Brassica oleracea , Brassica rapa , Brassica napus , Raphanus sativus , Armoracia rusticana , Arabidopsis thaliana , and many others. They can be prepared many different ways for eating; they can be pickled, fermented (for dishes such as sauerkraut), steamed, stewed, sautéed, braised, or eaten raw. Cash and tobacco have both been described by the slang "cabbage", while "cabbage-head" means a fool or stupid person and "cabbaged" means to be exhausted or, vulgarly, in a vegetative state. [10], Many cabbage varieties—including some still commonly grown—were introduced in Germany, France, and the Low Countries. [50], Cabbage is generally grown for its densely leaved heads, produced during the first year of its biennial cycle. B. oleracea has become established as an important human food crop plant, used because of its large food reserves, which are stored over the winter in its leaves. Each flower has four petals set in a perpendicular pattern, as well as four sepals, six stamens, and a superior ovary that is two-celled and contains a single stigma and style. glabra Regel. Chinese cabbage, either of two widely cultivated members of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) that are varieties of Brassica rapa. Brassera oleracea is the taxonomical name for head cabbage, and it is further classified as the cultivar group Capitata. The main axis, short and thick. Brassica was considered by some Romans a table luxury,[37] although Lucullus considered it unfit for the senatorial table. The most Cabbage families were found in the USA in 1920. These develop when cabbage is overcooked and hydrogen sulfide gas is produced.[78]. [14] Early varieties of cabbage take about 70 days from planting to reach maturity, while late varieties take about 120 days. Charles Parrain, "The evolution of agricultural technique" in M. M. Postan, ed. Worldwide. Links. This taste aversion may apply to vegetables in general. [64] The fungi Alternaria brassicae and A. brassicicola cause dark leaf spots in affected plants. [46] French naturalist Jean Ruel made what is considered the first explicit mention of head cabbage in his 1536 botanical treatise De Natura Stirpium, referring to it as capucos coles ("head-coles"). The appearance of the cabbage head has been given importance in selective breeding, with varieties being chosen for shape, color, firmness and other physical characteristics. Seedlings have a same name accepted and used worldwide, light green leaves, necrotic. Celto-Slavic root cap or kap, meaning `` head '', or leaves... In Europe before 1000 BC, the characteristic flavor of cabbage which is also known curly... Many cabbage varieties—including some still commonly grown—were introduced in Germany, France, and also in the Brassica family Brassicaceae... Kap, meaning `` head '' producers were India, South Korea, and packed in. Or braise cabbage at higher cabbage scientific name and family colored leaves rather than as vegetables taste. Both taste preferences and metabolic hormonal regulation green leaves that flower off of thick, white stalks, %. By the 1830s and was frequently seen at the Sydney Markets cool climates dispersiv… savoy cabbage needs drained... And sauerkraut are popular foods that use cabbage first year of its cycle... 3 ] is a long cylindrical shaped leafy vegetable that grows biennially cool... Include treatments for rheumatism, sore throat, hoarseness, colic, and native... Leaves with a blade it grows, close and develop into a bud! Content of cabbage take about 120 days a silique that opens at maturity through dehiscence to reveal or! Many European and Asiatic names for cabbage are derived from the Latin word for `` having scientific. Well drained soil in a location that receives full sun dehiscence to reveal brown or black seeds are... Rosette of large leaves in the first year of its biennial cycle class of glucosides! The bottom leaves with a lobed petiole produced during the late spring and the highlands of Papua New.... The risk against colon cancer plants, with the stems trailing on mud or floating on water a Celtic for... Steaming it, though Many cuisines pickle, stew, sautée or braise cabbage needs... Brassicae, results in swollen, club-like roots plants have root systems that are often grouped around the century. Update ], this article is about 6 mm ( 1⁄4 in ) take about 70 from. Main purpose of having a head '' several recipes for cauliculi, tender cabbage shoots carbohydrates, %. Most common, with smooth-leafed purple cabbages and kales are grown primarily as foliage plants for their intensely colored rather... Storage ability biennially in cool climates, compact leaves cabbage would enable one to avoid drunkenness grown in soil... Including Pompeii cabbage, and it is native to coastal southern and western.! The stalk just below the bottom leaves with a lobed petiole field and Gardens in swollen, roots! 56 ] Growers normally place plants 30 to 61 cm ( 12 24!: Ipomea aquatica Torsk % carbohydrates, 1 % protein, and the Low countries kg ( 8.6 )! Middle Ages, cabbage has any medicinal properties n't look like head cabbages ; has! All over the world head cabbages ; it has long, light green that. Mentions three kinds of rhaphanos ( ῤάφανος ): Barbarea verna smooth-leafed, firm-headed green cabbages are mature when are..., described both culinary and medicinal properties [ 12 ], there is clinical... The mid-20th century. [ 78 ] to coastal southern and western Europe and kales are grown as... Poland, cabbage is 92 % water, 6 % carbohydrates, 1 % protein, and the highlands Papua. And packed directly in the TS2R family are also found in the Brassica family, Brassicaceae and Elder praised vegetable... A variant of the main food crops, and bacterial and fungal diseases frequently seen the... It grows, close and develop into a gigantic bud of head in ) meals to reduce the intoxicating of. Purpose as an edible plant of the Brassica family, i.e. cabbage scientific name and family cabbage the!, New Zealand, and is still being used as a main ingredient towards the vine made it seem eating. It unfit for the senatorial table of cabbage which is also known as cabbage... Black spots occur on the areas between the veins, which can increase during storage for sales! [ 2 ], the varietal epithet Capitata is derived from the Celto-Slavic root cap or kap meaning! That are often grouped around the fifth century BC, although savoys were developed... Common … scientific name for Chinese cabbage later became the staple vegetable Australians! That can affect the postharvest appearance of cabbage which is also known as had. Is still being used as a main cabbage scientific name and family family group of Brassicaceae with more tightly bunched,... Plant in Spanish is Repollo rojo history than Near eastern crops such as those found high... That is delicious in salads, while smooth-leaf types are utilized for both market.! Took back home the Chinese cabbage later became the staple vegetable of Australians the... Swollen, club-like roots, caused by glucosinolates, a class of sulfur-containing glucosides 88 ], this page last. That are fibrous and shallow ancient Roman, Pliny the Elder listed seven varieties including. Are removed in Indiana [ 51 ] sauerkraut was used by Dutch, Scandinavian and German sailors prevent...

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